Comparison Table of Hypothesized Universes Based On Scientific Principles

Singularity Acceleration Home Page

 

Proposals are listed sequentially.

This table is a draft and some of the classifications of these proposals are subject to different interpretations. Suggested changes are welcome.

Readers are welcome to suggest an additional proposal that explains what preceded the Big Bang that caused our universe.

Email suggestions to John M. Wilson, jmwgeo@gmail.com.

 

Table 1 Types Hypothesized Universes with Major Features of the Proposal

Hypothesized Universes

Short name

Main Proponent

Year

First

Proposed

 

Cyclical

Cyclical -

How many phases?

Does it start Spontaneously?

Axiom 1

Is the first start mechanism explained?

Does it have

Bouncing, bursting black holes or white holes

Singularity Acceleration

John M. Wilson

2012

Yes

7

No

Yes, micro black holes

Bursting singularity

Conformal Cyclic Cosmology

Roger Penrose

2011

Yes

3 + ?

No

No

No

Cyclic Brane collision

Neil Turok

P.J. Steinhardt

2004

Yes

3 + ?

No beginning

Universes always existed

No

Instanton Theory

Hawking-Turok

2001 ?

No

?

Yes

No

No

Self-reproducing-inflationary universe

Andre Linde

1998

Yes

?

Yes

Yes

No

Continuous loop

J. Richard Gott, III, Li-Xin Li

1991- 1998

Partial

?

No beginning

No

No

 

Table 2 - Hypothesized Universes with Required Components of the Proposal

Hypothesized Universes

Is a Big Bang

Big Bang Phase transition

Black hole

Dark energy

Dark Matter

Inflation

Hypothesized New Laws of Physics

Major hypothesized objects

Singularity Acceleration

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Big bang phase transition

Dominant supermassive black hole singularities

Conformal Cyclic Cosmology

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Conformal transformation

Aeons

Cyclic Bane Collision

 

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

M Theory or Super String

Parallel orbifold planes

Instanton Theory

No

No

Yes

Yes

Instanton

Self-reproducing-inflationary universe.

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Quantum fluctuations

Scalar fields 

Continuous loop

Yes

No

 

 

 

 

Infinite loop

Continuous loop

 

Table 3 of Hypothesized Universes

Required Laws and Axioms Does the proposal depend on the following theories, laws, and axioms?

Hypothesized Universes

Relativity

 

Quantum

 

M theory

 

New laws

Cosmic evolution

Flat, open closed universe

Axiom 2

Are all universe components needed?

Axiom 1

Does it work at all sizes?

Singularity Acceleration

Yes

Yes

Optional

Yes

Yes

Flat

Yes

 

Conformal Cyclic Cosmology

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

Flat

No

 

Cyclic Bane Collision

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Flat

No

 

Instanton Theory

Yes

Yes

Optional

Yes

No

Open

No

 

Self-reproducing-inflationary universe.

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

Closed

No

 

Continuous loop

Yes

Yes

No

?

No

Closed

No