The Seven Phases That Reoccur With the Formation of Each Universe

Other Universe Forming Sequences

Universe Formation Home Page

11 November 2012


Cosmological process analysis is used to develop the singularity acceleration hypothesis which is based on nine universe formation axioms. The resulting theorem explains the mechanism by which dominant supermassive black hole singularities form and capture all forms of matter and energy. Supermassive singularity separation from the universe leads to a big bang phase transition in which the laws of the universe do not apply. This results in the loss of gravitational attraction causing a big bang and inflation. Singularity acceleration universe formation is a cyclic process analogous to a branching universe having the following seven phases reoccurring in each daughter universe:


The Seven Phases of Each Branch

Each branch has the following seven phases that reoccur in each daughter universe:

1. A phase transition big bang that forms a new universe

2. Expansion of the new universe and its structure

3. Dispersion of its mass and increasing entropy

4. Isolation of its galaxy clusters and supercluster complexes beyond event horizons

5. Many separate consolidations of all forms of matter, forces, and energy within these supercluster complexes into dominant supermassive black hole gravitational singularities

6. The resulting acceleration of singularities warping space to the speed of light

7. The independent separation of each of these singularities from the universe causing a big bang phase transition and producing all forms of matter, forces, and energy in a new universe.


The First Universes

The Trunk of the Universe Forming Tree


A plausible sequence summary of universe formation from nothing to the future, based on the singularity acceleration hypothesis

This is a plausible list of five levels of prior universes in sequence. The first three are proposed as an example of how the singularity acceleration model could be applied to universes that arose prior to the existence of stars and galaxies. These levels may not be verifiable events, and whatever occurred in the time when nothing existed prior to the formation of the first star will be difficult prove within a reasonable degree of certainty.

1.    Spontaneous and simultaneous subatomic events based on the uncertainty principle [12] result in the formation of several micro black holes. In an even rarer occurrence, the micro black hole decay does not occur before its interaction accelerates to the speed of light, causing a big bang which then forms the first micro universe.

2.    One or more universe generations of micro universes evolved from black holes.

3.    One or more universe generations with at least one star formed a black hole(s).

4.    One or more universe generations formed in which a galaxy was a critical component.

5.    Many universe generations formed in which galaxy clusters were critical components.


A Big Bang Phase Transition sequence

Summary of events that occur when a singularity separates from its universe:

1.    The gravitational attraction with its parent universe and galaxy end.

2.    It becomes a naked singularity losing the black hole cover. [38]

3.    It enters a phase transition in which the laws of the previous universe end, but the laws of the new universe are not immediately applied.

4.    During the phase transition, the singularity’s gravitation ends causing a big bang.

5.    The big bang subsequently expands at a rate exceeding the speed of light during an inflation era until the new universe structures its laws.

6.    Speed and time function independently of the laws of both old and new universes; thus, mass can exceed the speed of light without becoming infinite and without time completely stopping or running backwards, as would be expected in general relativity.

7.    A process, such as a CP violation or an equivalent function, occurs that can produce more mass than existed in the singularity, as projected in the equation Mu= S2.C2.

8.    It loses some specific information contained in the previous universe but retains enough information to make a new universe.

9.    A new set of physical laws are created that apply to the new universe. The laws are at least similar to those of the previous universe but not necessarily identical.

10. The transition from stored energy in a singularity into a new universe releases the largest amount of concentrated energy in the universe formation cycle.

11. The new universe will appear to an observer within it to have come from a single point, as if space and time began from nothing.


Copyright © 2012 - John M. Wilson