Cosmology of the Very Distant Future

Singularity Acceleration Hypothesis

Universe Formation from Gravitationally Bound Galaxies

“Acceleration of Dominant Supermassive Black Hole Singularities Serving as the Catalyst of Dark Energy in the Formation of Universes” theorizes about the evolutionary nature of universes; it presents the biggest possible big picture of the cosmos.  John M. Wilson Copyright  © 2012


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A short explanation of the source, cause, and how our universe formed from a parent universe

In our parent universe, over many billions of years all other galaxies disappeared over the event horizon from a very large galaxy supercluster complex. One supermassive black hole consumed much of this supercluster becoming the dominant feature of the galaxy and creating a singularity that accelerated to the speed of light propelled by and assimilating the mass from dark energy by the law of the momentum conservation. It burst from its universe entering a big bang phase transition that created our universe.

Graphic Representation of Several Hypothetical Futures of Our Universe


Summary of the seven phases of branching universe formation

Cosmological process analysis is used to develop the singularity acceleration hypothesis which is based on nine universe formation axioms. The resulting theorem explains the mechanism by which dominant supermassive black hole singularities form and capture all forms of matter and energy. Supermassive singularity separation from the universe leads to a big bang phase transition in which the laws of the universe do not apply. This results in the loss of gravitational attraction causing a big bang and inflation. Singularity acceleration universe formation is a cyclic process analogous to a branching universe having the following seven phases reoccurring in each daughter universe:

1. A phase transition big bang that forms a new universe

2. Expansion of the new universe and its structure

3. Dispersion of its mass and increasing entropy

4. Isolation of its galaxy clusters and supercluster complexes beyond event horizons

5. Many separate consolidations of all forms of matter, forces, and energy within these supercluster complexes into dominant supermassive black hole gravitational singularities

6. The resulting acceleration of singularities warping space to the speed of light

7. The independent separation of each of these singularities from the universe causing a big bang phase transition and producing all forms of matter, forces, and energy in a new universe.

Executive Summary

Why and How I Discovered the Singularity Acceleration Hypothesis

Based on nine axioms, the laws of physics, and known phenomena, the hypothesis explains our universe as a part of a cycle of seven branching phases that reoccur in every universe. This section is an abbreviated version of the Singularity Acceleration paper. Serious researchers should study the manuscript.  

The most plausible scientific explanation of the formation of the universe

To the best of my knowledge no one else has ever published a process or model showing how the mass from the matter and energy in a galaxy cluster or even a super cluster complex is adequate to make a singularity massive enough to form a universe like ours. The singularity acceleration hypothesis uses only items that exist in our universe, and are plausible to have existed in a prior universe, and laws of contemporary physics to construct the model. Thus, this hypothesis presents the only mechanism to date with a plausible explanation of how a supermassive black hole singularity that formed in a single galaxy cluster complex in an older universe could have caused the Big Bang. It is also the simplest and most straight-forward explanation of what existed before the Big Bang. There are important implications for cosmology if the theorem is verified. Most of the tenets of the Singularity Acceleration hypothesis are testable, probably more so than any other contemporary hypothesis of what happened before the Big Bang, although some of these tests may require technological advances.


 Tips for Navigating the Universe Formation Website - Site Index

The navigation vertical bar on the left has mouse over links


1. Singularity Acceleration Paper link - This section is the equivalent of the published paper. This first link has the complete academic paper with sub links to each part:

Revised paper December 2013

Abstract (short version)

Abstract (American Physical Society version)

Abstract (long version)

Presentation for the April 2013 APS Conference

APS Slide Presentation

Highlights (short version)

Highlights (long version)


Original 2012 Manuscript, The main body of the paper – 24 pages

Conclusions about Natural Law Governing Universe Formation


Executive Summary - Why and how I discovered the Singularity Acceleration Hypothesis


2. The second link group has direct links to the nine universe formation axioms.

Axiom 1 - All Complex Processes Result From Multi Step Sequences Often Referred To As Trial and Error.

Axiom 2 - All Significant Components Of The Universe Are Critical To Universe Formation.

Axiom 3 - Gravity and Black Holes Singularities Are Unique In Their Energy Storing Ability

Axiom 4 - Potential Space and Time Are Infinite

Axiom 5 - Simultaneous universe expansion and galaxy cluster consolidation are essential to making more universes

Axiom 6 - Dominant Supermassive Black Hole Singularities Can Bend Space at the Speed of Light.

Axiom 7 - A big bang phase transition occurs when a singularity separates from its universe.

Axiom 8 - Cosmological Evolution - If It Is Possible For a Universe to Form It Will.

Axiom 9 - Every universe has a beginning and an end.


3 -9 Links have direct link to major parts of the paper with the appropriate axioms and some addition commentary.

Important Sequences That Occur With Universe Formation

Simultaneous Universe Expansion and Galaxy Cluster Consolidation Are Essential To Making More Universes

Critical Functions of Matter and Energy in the Formation of Universes

Warping Space - Dark energy accelerates the space warp of dominant supermassive black hole singularities to the speed of light.

Cosmological Evolution - The Theorized Descriptions, Rules, and Processes Governing Universe Formation

Micro Universes – The Mother of All Universes

Tests to Confirm the Hypothesis

Rules and Criteria for Successful Universe Formation

Goals of the Universe Formation Project


10-12 These links provide background information such as:

How the hypothesis evolved

Andromeda’s Supermassive Black Hole Projected Long-term Accretion Rate

Why Big Bang questions are posted on ResearchGate

Short quotable quotes from the paper

Links of Interest

Implications and consequences for our understanding of universe formation if the hypothesis is valid

All Proposals Describing the Cause of the Big Bang Are Hypotheses or guesses

Why I developed the Singularity Acceleration Hypothesis

Scientist are sought for project collaboration and mathematical descriptions

Tips for Navigating the Universe Formation Website – Site Index

User Instructions On How to Register For Before the Big Bang Forum or Blog

Implications and Consequences of Singularity Acceleration - Time, Information, and Unification


13 This link compares and contrasts scientifically based hypothesizes of universe formation

      Why This Hypothesis Is the Most Credible Explanation of How Universes Form

      Comparison Table of Hypothesized Universes Based On Scientific Principles

      Descriptions of Scientifically Based Hypothesized Universes


14 The last link goes to the Forum - All civil comments are welcome.

Before the Big Bang - Plausible scientific explanations of the formation of universes


Copyright  © 2012

John M. Wilson