Highlights - Long version

Universe Formation from Gravitationally Bound Structures


Acceleration of Dominant Supermassive Black Hole Singularities

Serving as the Catalyst of Dark Energy in the Formation of Universes

Universe Formation Home Page

1 November 2012


  Dominant supermassive black hole singularities use gravity to store energy gathered by consuming much of everything in their galaxy clusters through accretion and merging with galaxies and other black holes over many hundreds of billions of years.

  In the late stage of dominant supermassive black hole development, the gravitational attraction between the black hole singularity and its galaxy decreases as the singularitys mass increases due to its increasing distance, i.e. depth, of the black hole and the decreasing mass of the galaxy.

  When matter, energy, dark matter, and dark energy become part of the singularity, they adopt its fundamental nature of gravitation. Since the singularity is all energy, it can function as if it is gravity and be accelerated to warp space at the speed of light.

  The function of dark energy transitions to a complement of gravity in the latter stage of singularity acceleration.

  A dominant supermassive black hole singularity acts as a catalyst for dark energy to provide most of the mass for a new universe as dark energys mass is added to the mass of the singularity that it is accelerating in a space warp, leading to a big bang.

  If a singularity can separate from a universe at the speed of light and if an inflation era in which the universe expansion exceeds the speed of light are true, then a new universe forming phase transition exists.

  A phase transition occurs in which the laws of the universe end, causing a naked singularity, gravitation to be suspended resulting in a big bang, and a net gain in mass by the new universe, described by the equation Mu=S2.C2.

  The physical laws of parent universe and the new universe may or may not be the same.

  The singularity acceleration model posits that a singularity of sufficient space warp speed will burst from its universe, ending the laws of the universe, causing a big bang, and forming a new universe, in contrast with the bouncing black hole model, which posits that when a black hole reaches sufficient mass and compression, it will bounce, causing a big bang and a new universe.

  Gravitation is functionally unified with all other forces in a singularity. The phase transition from a gravity singularity to a new universe by the big bang leads to the formation and separation of all forms of energy and matter.

  The creation of new universes from our universe is, in principle, predictable in time, approximate location, and total number.

  It is speculated that the first universe was formed when subatomic quantum particles or strings formed spontaneously and in a sufficiently concentrated space to make several micro black holes that interacted.

  Baryonic matter, energy, dark matter, dark energy, and the four forces all have critical functions and optimum ratios in the formation of universes.

  The evolution of universes produces universes with laws of physics most likely to produce large black hole singularities and more universes.

  Each unit of mass in the universe has two possible outcomes. It either becomes part of a dominant supermassive black hole, which forms a new universe, or it degenerates into nothing.


Copyright 2012 - John M. Wilson