Axiom 7

A big bang phase transition occurs when a singularity separates from its universe.

Singularity Acceleration Axioms and Principles Governing Universe Formation

Universe Formation Home Page

7 November 2012


Axiom 7. A big bang phase transition occurs when a singularity warps space at the speed of light and separates from its universe. Inflation provides the best evidence of a phase transition between universes in which the laws of physics are suspended. [2, 32] If the inflation period in the early formation of this universe is correct and mass exceeded the speed of light, then it is probable that the singularity that caused the Big Bang warped space at the speed of light, separating from a previous universe. This phase transition process effectively nullifies laws such as gravity releasing the energy in the singularity causing a big bang.


A. Gravity and other physical laws prevent big bangs from occurring within a universe. Gravity keeps a black hole singularity in its singularity form until the singularity slowly degenerates by Hawking radiation. The only alternative for a singularity is to separate from the universe, becoming naked and causing a big bang when the laws of the universe do not apply for a brief time.


B. Time slows for an object as it reaches the speed of light. [33] The singularity in the phase transition has sufficient time to produce everything needed to make a universe. While an outside observer would conclude that a big bang formed critical parts of the universe in a microsecond, an observer inside a big bang would conclude that the process lasted much longer.


C. The phase transition from accelerating singularity to a new universe has a mass-multiplying effect.

The theory of general relativity implies that mass moving at the speed of light becomes infinite. Since we know that cannot happen, the most likely explanation is that the phase transition ends the application of certain laws of physics when a singularity separates from its universe.

More mass is produced in a big bang than is contained in the singularity that caused it. This hypothesis assumes that at some time prior to a big bang less matter existed and that a big bang appears to be the most likely event in which mass is created and a mass-multiplying process occurs.


D. The phase transition occurring in a big bang causes a CP violation or equivalent. This results in a substantial increase in the matter and energy in the new universe over the amount in the singularity. The singularity acceleration hypothesis suggests that the larger the singularity, the more efficient the CP violation process or equivalent process is at making mass and annihilating antimatter, thereby increasing the mass of the larger universes. [34, 35] The mass creation equation Mu=> S2.C2 shows the exponential increase in the production of matter in the most massive singularities, where Mu = the mass of the new universe, S = the mass of the singularity, and C= constant or the speed of light.


A massive accelerating singularity is the most likely candidate to cause a big bang, and dark energy is the most likely candidate to cause the singularity to accelerate. Axiom 8 states that, “If it is possible for universes to evolve processes that form more universes, they will.” Further speculation suggests that the process is efficient and that antimatter is annihilated almost as fast as it is created without annihilating matter. If efficient CP violation is impossible, then an alternative exists to accomplish the same result that will result in an increase in matter from a big bang. The CPT transformation is formed by combining three transformations: charge conjugation (C), parity inversion (P), and time reversal (T). The CPT theory states that a particle and its antiparticle have the same mass and lifetime and the opposite charge when created by a big bang. [36] The singularity acceleration process causes the CP symmetry violation.  The specific function has not been determined; however, the singularity conversion is likely to produce results that are only possible under these conditions. Such a large increase in baryons is projected in the equation Mu= S2.C2, which will require a significant CP violation or equivalent function, such as a hypothetical particle called the majoron. [37]


E. A singularity may not actually be a single point, as the mathematical model predicting an infinitely small point may break down before reaching infinity, or zero, in this case.


F. Empty space may be negative energy allowing a big bang and an expanding universe to add mass without violating the law of conservation of matter. [14, 18] 


G. Summary of events that occur when a singularity separates from its universe:

1.    The gravitational attraction with its parent universe and galaxy end.

2.    It becomes a naked singularity losing the black hole cover. [38]

3.    It enters a phase transition in which the laws of the previous universe end, but the laws of the new universe are not immediately applied.

4.    During the phase transition, the singularity’s gravitation ends causing a big bang.

5.    The big bang subsequently expands at a rate exceeding the speed of light during an inflation era until the new universe structures its laws.

6.    Speed and time function independently of the laws of both old and new universes; thus, mass can exceed the speed of light without becoming infinite and without time completely stopping or running backwards, as would be expected in general relativity.

7.    A process, such as a CP violation or an equivalent function, occurs that can produce more mass than existed in the singularity, as projected in the equation Mu= S2.C2.

8.    It loses some specific information contained in the previous universe but retains enough information to make a new universe.

9.    A new set of physical laws are created that apply to the new universe. The laws are at least similar to those of the previous universe but not necessarily identical.

10. The transition from stored energy in a singularity into a new universe releases the largest amount of concentrated energy in the universe formation cycle.

11. The new universe will appear to an observer within it to have come from a single point, as if space and time began from nothing.


Copyright © 2012 - John M. Wilson