Axiom 1

All Complex Processes Result From Multi Step Sequences

Often Referred To As Trial and Error

Singularity Acceleration Axioms and Principles Governing Universe Formation

Universe Formation Home Page

1 November 2012


Axiom 1. All complex processes, both natural and intentionally designed, are the result of a refinement sequence that is often referred to as trial and error.


A. Great things are not spontaneous.

All great events have causes that can at least in principle be identified, measured, and explained. This Axiom effectively states that the Big Bang could not have been a spontaneous event and that it was preceded by numerous events.


B. Ultra small events, such as the formation of certain subatomic particles, may be spontaneous.

An example of a plausible spontaneous event may be the formation of one-dimensional strings. Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle states that articles go in and out of existence. [12] Before any universe or other matter existed, it is plausible that the uncertainty principle applied, and in an unlikely event, many articles came into existence at the same time to form an article sufficient to start the first micro universe.


C. The likelihood of a large spontaneous event is inversely and exponentially proportional to the complexity of the spontaneous event.

The probability that an event will occur spontaneously can be determined by the number of independent components in the event or mass that are critical for the event to occur. Thus, for ten independent particles to spontaneously act as a unit, all interrelated functions must also happen spontaneously and simultaneously. The probability is not one in ten; it is one in 100. The chances of very large events occurring spontaneously are so small that, while they are technically not zero, the reality is that it is impossible, for example, for even a grain of sand to occur spontaneously without a long sequence of causes.


The equation, F = 1/u2 describes the probability of numerous independent objects spontaneously combining to form a new consolidated object, where F = the probability of the formation of an object from independent units and u = to the number of independently functioning units.


D. All complex processes and things are the result of an object or a model refinement sequence usually referred to as trial and error.

Nothing complex is ever created in one step. All design has a certain degree of trial and error. With enough time, the universe formation process will discover the means to replicate. This Axiom does not negate the possibility that an external source exists with intentional design capability of controlling the universe formation process. However, intentional design does substantially increase the complexity of the initial universe formation process. The two main difficulties of describing an intentional design process are how such a capability forms and, once formed, the means by which it exerts control over the process. The major advantage that intentional design has over natural selection is that it can be more efficient in the use of time in that obvious unnecessary steps can be avoided. However, in the evolution of universes there is no penalty for having a slow or inefficient process, since time and space are, in principle, free and unlimited. A discussion of the formation of an intentional design force is more complex by at least an order of magnitude when it involves forces that cannot be measured, so further discussion is not included here.


Copyright © 2012 - John M. Wilson