Abstract - Long Version

Acceleration of Dominant Supermassive Black Hole Singularities

Serving as the Catalyst of Dark Energy in the Formation of Universes

Universe Formation Home Page

 

 

Cosmological process analysis is used to develop the singularity acceleration hypothesis. It is a theorem which is intended to explain how all forms of matter and energy, black hole singularities, galaxy clusters, and the four forces function and have evolved to make our universe and theorized previous universes. The singularity acceleration hypothesis is based on the Axiom that every significant thing in the universe has a critical function, and that nothing has successfully evolved in nature that has significant, superfluous parts.

 

Thus, both baryonic and dark matter are needed to form and gravitationally bond together galaxies and galaxy clusters and, in some cases, supercluster complexes. Baryonic matter is essential for black hole formation; gravity works to form increasing larger black hole singularities. Dark energy contributes to the acceleration of the expanding universe which separates the universe into galaxy clusters.

 

The actions of all of these components follow a critical sequence after the big bang that enables dominant supermassive black holes to form. The consolidation and clustering era of the universe begins during the structural formation era and will continue roughly 1015 years after the Big Bang. Eventually, a dominant supermassive black hole singularity will emerge from this process by consuming almost everything that is sufficiently bound by gravity that remains in its galaxy cluster. As more of the galaxy cluster mass becomes part of the dominant black hole, the gravitational attraction between the black hole and the rest of its galaxy is reduced due to increased space warp distance. The singularity acceleration posits that the universe expansion functions to reduce the gravitational attraction between dominant supermassive black holes and the universe which allows the black hole singularity to eventually separate from the universe.

 

In the late stages of the universe dark energy and supermassive black holes become to dominant features of each galaxy cluster. Over an extraordinarily long time, according to the singularity acceleration hypothesis, the gravitational attraction between the dominant supermassive black hole and the expanding universe decreases to zero as everything not in the supercluster disappears over the event horizon. This dominant supermassive black hole cause the space warp to become many light years “deep” as the force of dark energy increases and accelerates the singularity. In a manner analogous to water flowing into a depression, the force of dark energy pushes into these very large black holes resulting in all available dark energy being applied to the singularity’s space warp acceleration. The mass of the singularity is increased by many orders of magnitude, as the mass of dark energy is applied to the mass of the singularity as it accelerates under the law of momentum conservation. The singularity acts as a catalyst for dark energy to provide most of the mass that contributes to a big bang.

 

Based on singularity acceleration, the gravitational singularity conversion epoch begins when the first singularity warps space at the speed of light, separating from the universe, resulting in a naked singularity. The singularity enters a phase transition in which the laws of the previous universe end, but the laws of the new universe are not immediately applied. During the phase transition, gravitation is suspended, causing a big bang and converting its stored energy into a new universe; the big bang expands at a rate exceeding the speed of light during an inflation era. A process described by the equation Mu= S2.C2, where Mu = the mass of the new universe, S= the mass of the Singularity, and C= Constant or the speed of light, summarizes the result that occurs from a CP violation, or an equivalent function, that can produce more mass than existed in the singularity. A CP violation is a violation of the combination of C-symmetry (charge conjugation symmetry) and P-symmetry (parity symmetry) of baryons. The new universe loses some specific information contained in the previous universe but retains enough information to make a new universe. The new universe will have new laws of nature that are similar but not necessarily identical to the old laws. These laws become effective at the end of the phase transition.

 

Gravitation is functionally unified with all other forces in a singularity. When matter, energy, dark matter, and dark energy become part of the singularity, they adopt the fundamental nature of gravity. The phase transition that occurs when a singularity separates from its universe causing a big bang is the event in which mass in gravity form cycles back into all forms of energy and matter.

 

Universe formation has evolved into unending branches:

1. A phase transition big bang that forms a new universe

2. Expansion of the new universe and its structure

3. Dispersion of its mass and increasing entropy

4. Isolation of its galaxy clusters and supercluster complexes beyond event horizons

5. Many separate consolidations of all forms of matter, forces, and energy within these supercluster complexes into dominant supermassive black hole gravitational singularities

6. The resulting acceleration of singularities warping space to the speed of light

7. The independent separation of each of these singularities from the universe causing a big bang phase transition and producing all forms of matter, forces, and energy in a new universe.

 

 

 

The singularity acceleration hypothesis also supports the cosmological philosophy of evolving fecund universes. As each subsequent universe forms, the governing physical laws may change. If this change results in universes with more massive black holes, and more efficient means of increasing the ratio of matter surviving a matter anti-mater collision, then these universes will have more reproductive success and eventually make a long sequence of universes. However, all successful generations of universes have used methods that functioned within a working range of the natural laws that form universes by singularity acceleration.

 

Copyright 2012 - John M. Wilson

jmwgeo@gmail.com