Graphic Representation of Several Hypothetical Futures of Our Universe

universegraphic4.png

 

Proposal

Short Name

Proposal

Cyclical

Viable

Hypothesis

Verification

Method

 

Big Crunch

Dark energy reverses and the entire universe is crunched.

Yes

Very Low

No Method

Proposed

 

Big Rip

The universe expands, breaks apart, and eventually returns to nothing.

No

Low

No Method Proposed

 

Big Freeze

The universe expands for a very long time until it degenerates in >10^100 years, except for dark energy and a diffuse halo of photons, quarks, neutrinos, etc.

No

Yes

N-Body Simulation

 

Big Cycle

In most gravitationally bound galaxy clusters a new universe forms from a dominant supermassive black hole.

Yes

Yes

N-Body Simulation

 

Universe Formation from Gravitationally Bound Galaxies